The TOS-1A heavy flamethrower system is designed for providing fire support to infantry and tanks, defeating enemy manpower from open and closed firing positions in a variety of offensive and defensive combat, as well as disabling light armored vehicles and transport. Combined target destruction is achieved through effects of high temperature and overpressure.
The TOS-1A system includes:
- BM-1 combat vehicle with a launcher mounted on tank chassis (1 unit);
- TZM-T transporter/loader on tank chassis (2 units)
The system can be supplied with the TZM (563K) transporter/loader on an 8×8 off-road chassis. Unguided artillery rockets with thermobaric warheads are used for firing.
The BM-1 combat vehicle is a multiple rocket launcher mounted on a tank chassis. It is equipped with a fire control system, which includes: a laser periscope sight/rangefinder, digital dedicated computer system with a sensor package, power electro-hydraulic actuators and firing equipment. The BM-1 is also fitted with auxiliary systems and equipment (means of communication, observation instruments, NBC protection system, fire-fighting equipment, self-entrenching equipment, etc.).
The TZM-T/TZM (563K) transporter/loader is fitted with rocket cradles, a hydraulic loader crane, a removable ammunition armor kit, and loading facilities.