The diplomatic relations between the RSFSR and Finland date back to December 31, 1920
In 1809-1918, the territory of modern-day Finland belonged to the Russian Empire, though as an autonomy. Then it was granted independence. The diplomatic relations between the RSFSR and Finland date back to December 31, 1920. The USSR and independent Finland established diplomatic contacts on July 23, 1923.
The backbone bilateral document was the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance of April 6, 1948.
A new page of the Soviet-Finnish economic ties started in 1977 when the countries signed a Long-term Program for Strengthening and Development of Trade and Economic, Industrial, Scientific and Technical Cooperation through 1990.
In January 1992, Russia and Finland signed a Treaty of Fundamentals of Relations that has been in force ever since. As of today, Russia and Finland have around 90 state-to-state and government-to-government documents between them. These govern almost all spheres of bilateral relations.
Running business in Russia are 600-plus companies with Finnish involvement.
The leaders of the two states have been having regular meetings recently. President Sauli Niinistö visited Moscow on March 22, 2016. His Russian counterpart President Vladimir Putin made a working visit to Finland on July 1, 2016. The most recent trip of President Putin to Finland took place in July 2017.
The partners maintain active contacts across many levels, including the Parliaments, Ministries and Agencies.
In 2016, the Russian-Finnish Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation renewed its work after a three-year break.
Since 2011 the countries have been running a bilateral Business Council bringing together the heads of the largest companies in Russia and Finland.
Military and technical domain has not been left outside the scope of cooperation. In 1991-1996, there was a constant flow of military equipment shipped in quantity from Russia to Finland, including BMP-2 IFVs, 2S5 Giatsint-S SP artillery systems, and three Buk-M1 SAM battalions. The Finnish Armed Forces are equipped with 7.62mm Kalashnikov machine-guns.
Finland hosts a representative office of Rostec, Russia’s state corporation, that also projects Rosoboronexport’s interests in the country.
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