The diplomatic relations between the countries date back to October 22, 1992.
The diplomatic relations between the countries date back to October 22, 1992. Kazakhstan was the first CIS state to sign a Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Security with Russia on May 25, 1992. The document stipulates the establishment of a joint military and strategic space, as well as joint use of military bases, ranges and other military installations.
Another document essential for bilateral relations of the two countries is the Declaration on Eternal Friendship and Alliance signed in July 1998 during Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s visit to Moscow.
By this day, the countries have signed 270-plus cooperation agreements and treaties. Russia and Kazakhstan collaborates within the framework of the CIS, CSTO, Eurasian Economic Community, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and Organization of Central Asian Cooperation. Establishment of a Common Economic Space is another opportunity for cooperation that the partners jumped at.
On June 9-10, 2004, President Vladimir Putin of Russia arrived in Astana with an official visit.
Since 1994, Russia and Kazakhstan have signed 50-plus bilateral documents encompassing a wide spectrum of joint security issues under the Russian-Kazakh Military Cooperation Agreement of March 28, 1994. Since 1996 both countries have been contributing troops to the Joint AD system of the CIS on stand-by alert. The partners have never ceased contacts to coordinate respective defense doctrines, promote military and economic cooperation, as well as protect external borders of the CIS.
In February 2000, Russia’s State Company Rosvooruzheniye entered an agreement with Kazspetsexport to outline major military and technical cooperation paths, including export of Russian military equipment to Kazakhstan in payment for the lease of the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
The same agreement gave birth to a Russian-Kazakh Committee on Military and Technical Cooperation. Established in 2001, the body has been working ever since.
Both countries remain active participants of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) founded in 2003.
Not least important aspect of bilateral cooperation is training of Kazakh officers in Russia.
The share of Soviet military equipment in Kazakhstan's modern Armed Forces is considerable. Rosoboronexport has been doing well at upgrading it.
Russia’s special arms exporter is also a permanent participant of the International Arms Exhibition KADEX held in Astana, Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan hosts a representative office of Rostec, Russia’s state corporation, that also projects Rosoboronexport’s interests in the country. Telephone number of the office: (+77172) 68-82-27, fax: (+77172) 68-80-40, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org