The diplomatic relations between the countries date back to March 20, 1992
The diplomatic relations between the countries date back to March 20, 1992. Since then the countries have signed over 200 interstate agreements and treaties. Constituting the political backbone in the Russian-Kirghiz bilateral relations are the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance of 1992 and Declaration on Eternal Friendship, Alliance and Partnership of 2000.
Russia and Kirghizia collaborate within the framework of the CIS, CSTO, and SCO. This list grew on August 12, 2015 when the Republic of Kirghizia joined the Eurasian Economic Union. Apart from Russia the other members in the organization are Byelorussia, Kazakhstan, and Armenia.
Interregional contacts are maintained with Kirghizia by more than 60 constituent entities in Russia. For that end, they signed more than a dozen agreements on trade and economic, scientific and technical, and cultural cooperation.
Contributing to bilateral relations is an Intergovernmental Committee on Trade & Economic, Scientific & Technical, and Humanitarian Cooperation.
Major Russian-Kirghiz economic projects are pursued in electric power and gas industries.
Since President Almazbek Atambayev of Kirghizia took office in 2011 he has visited Russia 10 times, including three working visits. The rest took place on the sidelines of summits of integration associations.
Major lines of today's bilateral cooperation in the military domain include training of personnel for the Kirghiz Armed Forces, military and technical assistance to Kirghizia, leasing of territory to Russia for deployment of military installations, AD collaboration, joint efforts for combating international terrorism, and development of production and research cooperation in the defense industry.
The countries have signed 40-plus state-to-state treaties promoting cooperation in the security field. Not least important in strengthening Russian-Kirghiz military collaboration are four Russian MoD installations deployed in Kirghizia, including Kant AFB.
The establishment of the AFB was warranted by the Collective Security Council on May 25, 2001. At a meeting of the CSTO Council of Defense Ministers on November 20, 2002 the parties confirmed that they agreed to use Kant AFB for stationing there a Russian AF group as an aviation component of the Collective Rapid-Response Forces of the Central Asian Collective Security Region.
After 1999, Russia delivered various equipment to Kirghizia, including small arms, ammunition, optical systems, detection devices, communications assets, clothing and engineer items, spares and equipment for SAM systems.
In October 2006, Russia signed supplements for rendering military and technical assistance to Kirghizia in 2006-2008. Thanks to it the country received Mi-type helicopters, KAMAZ vehicles, auxiliary aviation equipment, implements for maintenance of automotive and armored vehicles. Russia puts enormous efforts into upgrading the AD system of Kirghizia.
Russia and Kirghizia take part in Combat Commonwealth-2007, a joint CIS war game.
Kirghizia hosts a representative office of Rostec, Russia’s state corporation, that also projects Rosoboronexport’s interests in the country.
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