Marina de guerra
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Shipborne air defence gun/missile system


The Kashtan-М shipborne air defence gun/missile system is designed for protection against anti-ship missiles, anti-radar missiles, guided aerial bombs, aircraft, helicopters as well as for engagement of small-displacement vessels and small-size sea and ground targets.


  • combat module;
  • surface-to-air missiles;
  • command and control module;
  • ground support equipment.


The command and control module serves to detect and classify aerial (including low-flying) and stationary targets, to track, to distribute and to designate them to combat modules.

The combat module consists of a gun/ missile unit, radar and optical fire control system, computer system.

Normally, the ship can be armed with one to six combat modules depending on its displacement and self-defence capability required.

9M311-1 two-stage solid-propellant SAM features a fragmentation rod warhead with a proximity fuse. Missiles are housed in transport-launch containers ensuring their safe handling and reliability.

The gun mount comprises two 30mm six-barrel GSh-6-30K rapid-fire cannons with a linkless ammunition feed and evaporative cooling system.

The integrated control system simultaneously tracks targets and guides one or two missiles onto them via its radar and TV/optical channels with autonomic selection of optimal mode.

To work in adverse weather conditions Kashtan-М is equipped with a termal imaging system.

Kashtan-M ADGMS also comprises a below-deck storage/loading system (capacity – 32 or 48 SAMs, four-missile launch unit is loaded within 1.5 min).

Kashtan-M system ensures efficient self-defence of the carrier-ship thanks to high probability of interception of approaching air targets at longer distances (10,000 m to 1,500 m) with missiles, and a follow-on engagement of survived targets at a close-in range (4,000 m to 500 m) with gunfire.

Fully automated combat operation of the system (from target acquisition till engagement) allows it to engage up to five targets a minute. Kashtan-M ADGMS can be installed on ships displacing 400-plus tonnes.

Principales características
Target engagement envelope, m:
in range:
with missiles
1500 - 10000
with guns
500 - 4000
in altitude:
with missiles
with guns
Reaction time, s
5 - 7
Max target speed, m/s
Kill probability (for one pass through the engagement zone)
Probability of repulsing air attack of 4 anti-ship cruise missiles (V = 300 m/s , t = 2 s) by one combat module
Overall rate of gunfire, rds/min
Type of artillery rounds
30mm APDS,HEFI, HE/tracer